直接引语是什么?

2021-09-29 15:26:17
你可以只看前面的,后面的是相关的宾语从句,了解一下也好
间接引语和直接引语
直接引用别人原话,叫直接引语。用自己的话转述别人的话,叫间接引语。间接引语常用宾语从句表达。直接引语前后要用引号,间接引语不用引号。
He Said: “I have seen the film.” 他说:“我已经看过这部电影。”(直接引语)
He said that he had seen the film.  他说他已经看过这部电影了。(间接引语)
直接引语改为间接引语的方法:
1.根据意思改变人称。
如:They said, “We are busy now.”  (直接引语)
They said that they were busy then.  (间接引语)
一般来说第三人称代词常常不变,第一人称一般变为第二人称。
2.若主句的谓语是过去时态,直接引语改为间接引语时,要调整时态。
直接引语              间接引语
现在时             过去时
过去时             过去完成时(少数不变)
现在完成时          过去完成时
现在进行时          过去进行时
一般将来时          过去将来时
过去完成时          不变
现在完成进行时      过去完成进行时
由上述内容可知,时态的变化都是由现在的某个时态而变成了达去的某个时态。要特别注意,客观真理以及过去完成时在改为间接引语时,不需作时态调整。
3.指示代词,进间状语也要作调整。
直接引语              间接引语
this                that
these               those
now               then
today              that day
tonight             that night
the next () day
next day (month, year) the next day (month, year)
the day before
the before
last year (month)      the year (month) before
ago                before
here               there
注:动词(come)也常变为go
4.若直接引语为陈述句,改为间接引语时,用连词that引导(口语中常省略),其它作相应的变化。
He said, “I’ve just got a letter from my sister.”
He said he had just got a letter from his sister.
需要说明的是,若引号里是两句话,改为间接引语后,第二句前也要用that连接起来。
“He was here a few weeks ago, and he came again .” she said.
She said that he had been there a few weeks before, and that he had come again the day before.
5.若直接引语为一般疑问句(原为倒装语序),改为间接引语时要用陈述句的语序而且还要加连词if 或whether引出。注意whether后还可跟or ,但if 不能。Whether可用在介词后或带to的不定式前面,而if不能。但若宾语从句为否定句时,常用if而不用whether。
He asked, “Are you a teacher or a student?”
He asked me whether I was a teacher or a student.
注:如果主句中的谓语为said,改为间接引语时要用asked,无间接宾语,要适当加一个me,us,him等。如:
He said, “ Are you ready?”
He asked me if I was ready.
6.若直接引语为特殊疑问句,间接引语就要使用疑问词引出,而且要用陈述句语序。
“What are you doing here?” the guard said to us.
The guard asked us what we were doing there.
7.当直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语要改为带复合宾语(宾语+宾语补足语)的句子,宾补用不定式表示。
即:ask (tell, order, beg, etc) someone (not) to do 。注意不要用said。
“Don’t mention it again,” the said to her husband.
She asked her husband not to mention it again直接引语就是,当着本人的面说 如:甲:今天一起去吃饭吧;乙:好呀,中午一起,这就是直接引语

直接引语是什么? 直接引语是什么意思

直接引语是什么?直接引语就是你自己说的话 未经别人转述的话

直接引语是什么? 直接引语是什么意思

直接引语是什么?百度去查嘛

直接引语是什么? 直接引语是什么意思

直接引语是什么?